Biosecurity Module: Began Sept 2019, has (4) components
Signage: Posted at main point of access, including a phone #
New SOPs (4): 1) Vaccination, 2) New cattle, 3) Returning cattle, 4) Visitor biosecurity
Disease event records: Mandatory for diseases listed below even if not treated
Biosecurity Risk Assessment Management Plan (RAMP): Questionnaire completed
with a vet once every two years
Differences in productivity between farms can largely be explained by how cars are handled.
Negative handling = decrease in productivity and vice versa; this is due to effects of stress and
elevated cortisol on production. Useful resources for principles of cattle behaviour and
|Calf Health Category||Technological Aids||Description / Comments|
|Calving Management||Body temperature monitor||Decreases 1°C 48hrs prior to calving
New & coming soon
|Activity/Pedometers||Increases 48hrs prior to calving
NOT the same as estrus monitors which have insufficient sensitivity
|Rumination monitors||Decreases 70%, greatest 4-6hrs prior to calving|
|Tail position (“Moo-Calls”)||Raised tail 2-6hrs prior to calving|
|Feeding Management||ATP swabbing (luminometer)||An accurate, quantitative measure of bacterial contamination.
A U of G study shows that a high-level of bacterial contamination of
feeding equipment is common and that visual assessment alone greatly
|Early Disease Detection||Calf pedometers
|Activity decreases by ~1000 steps if sick
Undergoing validation for automatic calf feeders
|Infrared thermography||Measure of core body temperature
|Lung ultrasound||If incorporated into automatic calf feeders, would ease growth tracking|
|Growth & Development||Weigh scales||If incorporated into automatic calf feeders, would ease growth tracking|
|Blood ketones||Tool for weaning decision-making. A blood ketone of ≥0.2mmol/L is
consistent with the calf eating 1kg starter for 3 consecutive days.
Unfortunately, vaccines do not provide protection against all disease-causing microbes. Your vaccination program should match your herd’s disease risk and strike a balance between optimum protection and convenience of use.
FAQ: Does it matter when I vaccinate my cattle? For some vaccines, yes: i.e. fertility and scours vaccines
Aquaculture is an established and growing industry in Ontario. Aquaculture producers face similar challenges as other food producing operations (actually, challenges may be magnified as a result of managing larger numbers). Successful aquaculture operations remind us that:
– A pinch of prevention is worth a pound of cure
– Consistent data collection and analysis is critical for efficient management practices and profitability, applicable in: