UGVS Newsletter – October 2023

November 3, 2023

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Whether to Water the Calves

By: Dr. Mike Scolaro

As a part of our commitment to growing as a clinic to serve your evolving needs, Dr Mike Scolaro went to The American Association of Bovine Practitioners conference in Milwaukee WI and sat in on talks from global experts in all things cattle. There will be a series of posts to discuss some of the key take homes and our first one is all about water!

Even though pre-weaned calves primarily rely on a food source that contains a significant amount of water, it’s essential to understand that they still need additional water to thrive. You might be tempted to dismiss this idea, saying, “Mike, I already have my hands full with calf care, and my calves seem fine as they are.” That’s completely understandable! Farm life is incredibly busy but let me provide you with some evidence of why water supplementation is crucial.

Every calf benefits from having access to water. Sick calves will drink more water, and healthy calves need it to facilitate starter intake. In fact, limiting water can reduce starter ration intake! To facilitate 1 kg of starter intake, we need to provide 4 liters of water. It’s also important to note that water has no calories, so allowing water intake won’t reduce the calf’s appetite for milk. By simply providing a pail or trough, you can enhance your herd’s growth potential!

My challenge to you is simple—Give it a try! For a week, after feeding milk, provide a bucket with a few litres of water to each calf (bonus if it’s not directly next to the starter pail, cross contamination can cause bacteria buildup in a hurry) and pay attention to how full it is at next feeding. Wintertime can be a challenge, especially in hutches for the provision of water but the effort will not go unrewarded! For those of you with waterers, calves need 2” of waterer length to make sure we aren’t restricting water. Equally important is the height of the waterer, which should not exceed 29” for newborns and can go higher as they age.

Recommendations can be found at https://thedairylandinitiative.vetmed.wisc.edu/home/housing-module/replacement-housing/feed-and-water-space-requirements/ .  At the end of the day, a few drops in the bucket can make a world of difference to calf health and the development of your herd’s future.


Due to a global shortage of Lurocaine/Lidocaine products we have been unable to source Lurocaine from our usual supplier. We have researched and found an additional outside source but with this there is a cost increase. For us to be able to continue our dehorning services and prevent the need to dehorn at an older age (costing more to you and worse welfare on the calf) there will be a temporary increase to our dehorning pricing to account for the increase in pricing of Lurocaine. We have been forced to temporarily add $1.50 per dehorning due to cover the cost of the dehorning freezing. Once we have our normal product back the price will revert to the original pricing.

 

 

Cyber Security

By: Dr. Rob Swackhammer
As a member of Farm and Food Care Organization, I was recently invited to attend a members’ forum. There were lots of informative presentations including, Dairy Farmers of Ontario giving some details on
their marketing campaigns. The eye-opening presentation that scared me the most was Dr. Janos Botschner’s presentation about threats to farms via computer hacking.

So now it is not enough to worry about biosecurity, we also need to worry about cyber security. It opened my eyes to hear what damage could be done to a farm from a malicious person anywhere in the world. There was an example of a pig farmer who was asked for a ransom in return for not sending incriminating pictures of animal abuse. To be clear
there was no animal abuse, but the threat was real none the less. Other potential disasters include shutting off fans in poultry barns, disabling online generators, and anything that has a web access on the farm.

The take home message for me was who would I call should I have a threat like this attack my farm or business. Phoning companies that provide web access and asking what secure measures they have in place  as well as what support they would offer in the case of something hacking into your system is a vital first step.

ATTENTION DAIRY PRODUCERS! UGVS WILL BE HOSTING A DAIRY PRODUCER MEETING THIS FALL – NOVEMBER 23rd, 2023 FROM 10:00-3:00. THE LOCATION WILL BE AT PUSLINCH COMMUNITY CENTRE, 23 BROCK RD S, PUSLINCH, ON N0B 2J0. WE ARE FINALIZING OUR AGENDA AND EXCITED TO SEE YOU ALL THERE!


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